Journal of Gynecological Endoscopy and Surgery
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-46

Comparison of complications rates in endoscopic surgery performed by a clinical assistant vs. An experienced endoscopic surgeon

Consultant, Apollo Clinic, Mumbai, Associate Consultant, National Institute of Laser & Endoscopic Surgery, Ghatkopar (East), Mumbai - 400077, India

Correspondence Address:
Aditi Singhi
National Institute of Laser and Endoscopic Surgery, 1,2,3, Gautam Building, Opposite Balaji Temple, Tilak Road, Ghatkopar (East), Mumbai - 400 077
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-1216.51909

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Study Objectives: (a) To find out the actual incidence of complications during endoscopic surgeries. (b) Comparison of complication rate between an experienced laparoscopic surgeon (> 10 years of experience in endoscopic surgery) and a clinical assistant (> 3 years of experience in endoscopic surgery). (c) How to manage complications in endoscopic surgery. (d) Concrete suggestions to reduce the complication rate. Design: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification ii-2). Setting: Tertiary gynecologic endoscopic unit. Patients: A total of 3204 cases of gynecologic endoscopic surgery out of which 2001 were laparoscopic and 1203 were hysteroscopic surgeries. Interventions: Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic gynecologic surgeries in indicated cases. Measurements and Main Results: The study was carried out between April 2003 and October 2007 at a referral center for endoscopic surgery. A total of 3204 cases of gynecologic endoscopic surgery were studied. There were five significant complications in laparoscopic surgeries and four significant complications in hysteroscopic surgeries seen in four years and six months. All the complications could be managed with no mortality. Conversion to laparotomy was needed in eight cases of laparoscopic surgeries and none in hysteroscopic surgeries. Conclusion: The risk of complication reduces with the experience in endoscopic surgery. However, the proper grooming of a novice in experienced hands, for a sufficient period of time, can minimize the complication rate in the initial learning phase. The complication may be utilized as a stepping-stone to overcome any given situation without panic, but with adequate safety.

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